Periodontal treatment is needed for those that suffer from periodontal diseases, such as gingivitis or periodontitis. This can range from simple gum inflammation to disease that can seriously damage your teeth, tissues, and bone. Worse, researchers have observed links between gum disease and heart disease, and sometimes even diabetes.
But the good news is that with prevention and maintenance of your good oral health the spread of gum disease can be stopped and reversed.
Gingivitis and other gum disease is caused by inflammation-causing bacteria that are a result of plaque and tartar build up on your teeth. Plaque plays the most major role in tooth decay. It’s a thin film that attaches to your teeth from sugar or starch in foods, such as candy, desserts, soda / cola / pop, cereal, and greasy foods, like hamburgers and french fries. Sugars mix with bacteria and produce acids that eat away at your teeth, deteriorating them through the enamel of your teeth to the dentin and sometimes into the core of the tooth. The plaque then holds the acid against your teeth, slowly deteriorating them. Once the plaque has been on your teeth too long it hardens into tartar, which then begets more plaque.
When gingivitis is not treated it can advance to periodontitis where the gums pull away from the teeth and form infected pockets. The body’s natural immune system fights the bacteria but the bacterial toxins and the body’s natural response to infection begin breaking down the bone and tissue that hold teeth in place. Left untreated, the gums, tissue, and bones that support the teeth are slowly destroyed.
The symptoms of gum disease include:
- Bad breath
- Red, swollen, tender, or bleeding gums
- Loose teeth
- Sensitive teeth
- Receding gums
As every patient is different, the number and types of treatment can vary, but typically treatment requires plaque removal through deep-cleaning (often called scaling and root planning, though other procedures can be required) and comprehensive training on at-home care.
For more information about gum disease and periodontal treatment, we invite you to contact us by Requesting an Appointment Online or by calling us at (207) 947 – 0717 today. Your oral health is our top priority, and we look forward to serving you and your family.